Polish Chicken: Care Tips, Egg Laying, Color (& More!)

Polish Chicken featured image

Polish chickens, also known as Poland chickens or tophat chickens, are a unique and fascinating breed that has been around for centuries. These birds are known for the distinctive crest of feathers on their heads, which can sometimes obscure their vision.

Polish chickens come in various colors and patterns, including white, black, silver, and golden. They are relatively small for a standard-sized breed, weighing around 5-6 pounds, and are primarily kept as ornamental birds.

Despite their small size, they are known for being hardy and adaptable and can thrive in various environments. Whether you are a seasoned chicken keeper or a first-time owner, Polish chickens can make a great addition to any flock.

Polish chicken on the grass

History of Polish Chickens


Polish chickens, also known as Poland chickens, have been around for centuries. It is believed that they originated in the Netherlands or Spain and were brought to Poland by traders. The breed was then developed and refined in Poland, where it became quite popular.

Popularity in Europe

Polish chickens became popular in Europe during the 16th century. They were bred for their unique appearance, with their large crests. They were also valued for their ability to lay eggs, which made them a popular choice for farmers.

Introduction to North America

Polish chickens were introduced to North America in the early 1800s. They were initially brought over by European settlers who valued their unique appearance and egg-laying abilities.

The breed quickly became popular in North America until the development of the Leghorn eclipsed its egg-laying abilities. Today it is on the Watch list of The Livestock Conservancy, which means there are “fewer than 5,000 breeding birds in the U.S., with ten or fewer primary breeding flocks.”

Polish Chicken Bantam
Polish Chicken Bantam

Characteristics of Polish Chickens

Physical Appearance

Polish chickens are known for their unique and distinctive appearance. They have a small, rounded body and a large, fluffy crest on their head. The crest can come in a variety of colors, including white, black, and gold. It may be the same color or different than the feathers on the body.

They also have a V-shaped comb, which is hidden by the crest, and small and rounded wattles. Polish chickens have slender necks and legs and smooth and shiny feathers.


Polish chickens are known for being friendly and curious birds. They enjoy human interaction and are known to be quite docile. They are also known for being good with children and other animals. However, they can be easily startled, so it is important to handle them gently.

Egg Laying

Polish chickens are not known for their egg-laying abilities today. They lay medium-sized white eggs but do not lay as frequently as other breeds. On average, they will lay around 150 eggs per year. However, they are still popular among chicken enthusiasts for their unique appearance and friendly demeanor.

Polish Chicken Rooster
Polish Chicken Rooster

Care and Maintenance


A good rule of thumb is to provide at least 4 square feet of space per adult bird in the chicken house. The coop should also have good ventilation to prevent the build-up of ammonia and other harmful gases. It is important to regularly clean the coop and replace the bedding to maintain a healthy living environment.

Because their crest can obscure their vision of predators flying above and walking around them, they should not be kept in a free-range environment. They should have access to the outdoors in a run covered with chicken wire.


For best egg production, a commercial layer feed will provide the necessary nutrients for hens. It is important to provide fresh water at all times and to clean the waterer regularly. Treats such as fruits and vegetables can also be given in moderation.

Health Concerns

Polish chickens are generally healthy birds, but they can wind up with mites, lice, worms, or respiratory infections like any chicken breed. However, if you practice good biosecurity and only purchase day-old chicks from a certified disease-free hatchery, you are more likely to have healthy chickens.

Buff Laced Polish Chicken
Buff Laced Polish Chicken

Breeding Polish Chickens

Selecting Breeding Stock

When selecting breeding stock, it is important to choose healthy and genetically diverse birds. Look for birds that exhibit the desired traits, such as crest size and shape, feather quality, and body type. Avoid birds that have any signs of illness or deformities.

To learn more about breeding chickens, see these tips and techniques.

Incubation and Hatching

Polish hens rarely go broody, so if you want to breed them, you will most likely have to use an incubator or a broody hen or a different breed.

Chicken eggs typically take 21 days to hatch. During incubation, the eggs should be kept at a temperature of 99°F and a humidity level of 50-55%. Turning the eggs several times a day will help ensure proper development.

Once the eggs hatch, the chicks should be kept in a warm and dry brooder with access to clean water and chick starter feed. The brooder temperature should be kept at around 95°F for the first week, and then gradually lowered by 5°F each week until the chicks are fully feathered.

Learn more >> Hatching Chicken Eggs: A Step-by-Step Guide

Raising Chicks

As the chicks grow, they will need more space to move around. Providing at least 2-3 square feet of space per bird in the coop is recommended, with more space provided as they grow. Polish chickens are not known for their ability to fly, so a low fence or barrier is usually sufficient to keep them contained.

Polish Bantam Chickens
Polish Bantam Chickens

Why raise Polish chickens?

In conclusion, Polish chickens are a fascinating breed that have unique features and characteristics. They are known for their distinctive crests and muffs, and come in a variety of colors. Polish chickens are also known for their friendly and docile personalities, which make them excellent pets for families.

One of the challenges of raising Polish chickens is their susceptibility to predators due to their limited vision caused by their crests. Properly securing their coop and run area is crucial to keeping them safe from harm.

Despite their ornamental appearance, Polish chickens are decent egg layers, producing around 150 medium-sized white eggs annually.

Polish chickens are a great addition to any backyard flock, but they may not be the best choice for those who live in areas with harsh winters. Their crests can accumulate snow and ice, which can lead to frostbite and other health issues.

Overall, Polish chickens are a unique and interesting breed that can bring joy and entertainment to any chicken enthusiast.

Crested Polish Chicken
Crested Polish Chicken

Want to learn more about raising chickens? This Beginner’s Guide to Raising Chickens (+Pro Tips) will help you ask yourself all the right questions, and it will also give you a realistic idea of what to expect as a chicken owner.

Curious about the other chicken breeds? Delve into a wealth of information on various chicken varieties by exploring our comprehensive list on “Encyclopedia of Chicken Breeds”.

Click here to visit our Amazon store, which includes lists of things chickens need, as well as our favorite chicken books!

Polish Chicken Breed Comprehensive Guide

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